I had a student about four years ago who told me that she simply could not do any deep reflection. This becomes true as reflection becomes more natural.
Children should learn to restrain themselves, to overcome their individuality so as to maintain the harmony in the family. For instance, the extent to which a culture could be characterized as emphasizing the differences between men and women would affect the positioning of a product and the consequent promotion of that product.
Individualism According to Hofstede, Individualism stands for a preference for a loosely knit social framework in society wherein individuals are supposed to take care of themselves and their immediate family only. The learning comes out of the action learning experience, not the "fount of knowledge " of some supernumerary, who may have views that are far off center with learner needs.
It can lead to a form of self-catharsis, where we find ourselves listening to our inner feelings. Indeed, an intriguing suggestion of Hofstede's data is that just because a country is Hispanic or even Muslim-influenced like Turkey, which is rateddoes not mean they are less egalitarian with respect to men and women than an Anglo or Christian country like the U.
Action learning has been an amazing adventure, in self-discovery, self-awareness, self-preservation, and self-empowerment. It looks at how separate a culture keeps their personal and public lives.
Cultures can, therefore, be described as Indulgent or Restrained. Lee 4 suggested a way, whereby one could systematically reduce this perception. There are five orientations covering the ways in which human beings deal with each other.
In the book Action Learning: Reflection in the end is a dialogue with self. A person is not primarily an individual; rather, he or she is a member of a family.
Its opposite, Femininity, stands for a preference for relationships, modesty, caring for the weak, and the quality of life Action learning set members can also be much more inclined to evaluate their team privately and independently than as a part of an open discussion in the set.
Not surprisingly, given such a relatively short time scale, the priority of government has been to get things done.
She indicated that she found herself good company and had meaningful conversations with herself as part of the act of reflecting. Some of the excerpts from action learner reflective essays later in this article suggest the degree of impact the participant in action learning feels.
To that I add that it can be instructive to be asked to engage in action learning with set members that you either do not know or have had only minimal contact with before. In some cases, it can result in a major life change.
The learning coach has a strong vested interest in the action learning project and he demonstrates it in many ways. She said, "I am afraid of what I may see".
By putting a deposit on glass containers they ensured the empties were returned to the retailer, thus avoiding a litter problem.
Whereas westerners have been looking for the truth, the Singaporeans are emphasizing virtue and the way you do things. So Hofstedt is saying that Singaporeans are potentially more creative than other nations. Individualism v collectivism Refers to the extent to which individual or group identity is promoted within that country.
However, less developed countries do not yet have the same interdependence in general, and so organisations need to reassess their contribution to the development of nations to make sure that they are not holding them "to hostage". Four to Five seems ideal. When I reflect on this experience, I can't believe that this particular learning experience has taught me so much about myself.Five cultural dimensions of Singapore Therefore, Singapore is collectivism country due to the individualism index of As it is a high collectivism society, less powerful number of people accepts the unequal power distribution among the family or organization which is common in high collectivism society.
Erin Meyer is a professor at INSEAD, one of the world's leading international business schools. Her work focuses on how the world's most successful global leaders navigate the complexities of cultural differences in a multicultural environment.
For example, Germany has a 35 on the cultural scale of Hofstede’s analysis. Compared to Arab countries where the power distance is very high (80) and Austria where it very low (11), Germany is. This paper extends international business theory by providing insights into contextual boundaries of the dominant strategic adaptation model, based on assumptions of low power distance and a bottom-up management style.
ITAP International is a consulting firm specializing in building human capability across functional, global and cultural boundaries. Video created by National University of Singapore for the course "Engaging in Persuasive and Credible Communication".
In the last part of the course, we will situate persuasive and credible writing in the larger context of a globalised world.
are considered feminine by Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions.Download